Quintet for string quartet and piano op 94
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2 violins, viola, cello and piano


Quintet for string quartet and piano op 94

The quintet for string quartet and piano op 94 was written in the spring of 2020. Lasting 18 minutes, it was commissioned by cellist Florent Audibert, soloist at the Rouen Opera. The work is dedicated to him.
It is composed of three movements and highlights the dialogue between the strings and the piano. The first movement, of solemn and intense character, and, of a duration of 7 mn there is a broad harmonic introduction on the piano, followed by the entry of the strings at measure 10. They present the main theme which is of modal character. Several elements are presented, such as for example, in measure 3, and 15 will be developed during the movement.
After this first part (measure 1 to 40), a second part in the measures 40 to 68 develops the different elements, in particular the theme stated on the strings in measure 10 and following. The re-exhibition takes place at bar 69. It will give rise to new thematic developments. A coda is proposed at measure 102, concluding the movement with great energy.
The second movement, with a duration of 6 minutes, presents a theme with a melodic and soft character, in the acute medium of the piano. This theme is taken up in the quartet in bar 7 and following, accompanied by a counter-song, notably on the second violin. After the first part (bars 1 to 21), a second part (bars 22 to 46) develops the main theme and brings out a climax of intensity in bar 34. The third part, (bars 47 to 66), proposes new developments, in particular a canon with four voices on the main theme (bars 52 to 53 and 58 to 60). A short coda, preceded by a re-exposure of the theme, takes place in bar 81 and concludes the movement in a soft light.
The last movement with a duration of 4 and a half minutes, is made up of three very distinct parts. The first, from bar 1 to 29, gives fugato inputs to the various stringed instruments. Each entry is set out in the upper right fifth and is accompanied by a counter subject. The second part, (bars 1 to 63) presents a theme with a melodic and joyful character. It will be developed with different instruments, for example increased rhythmically in measures 57 and following.
A final part, presto, concludes the quintet with great energy.


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(c) Florentine Mulsant, 2012